Mongolia is located at the eastern end of Central Asian plateau within Russia and China. It is the landlocked country with more than 1000km from the nearest sea. As sea humidity gets caught in the surrounding high mountain ranges, the country lacks big rivers and abounds in dry steppe and semi desert. Mongolia has harsh climate marked by great daily and seasonal contrast. It is one the rare places in the world where difference between summer and winter temperatures may be as much us 100 degree Celsius.
In this part of Central Asia, at 1000 meters above the sea level, the air is rarifies and the sky is uniquely blue. So the country is sometimes referred as country of blue sky.
In winter, Ulaanbaatar is the coldest capital in the world with average temperature of minus 23 degree. Some rivers can stay frozen until June and July.
The severe contrasts of weather and temperature forces the Centrak Asian nomads to make seasonal migrations. In winter, they moved north to highlands to seek shelter from wind chill, and as summer came, they descended southward into the coolness of open lands.