What is Mongolia?Country of 2228 years history
Mongolian Luxury Travel invites you to luxury travel in the homeland of the Genghis Khan, whom UNESCO has titled "Man of the millennium". Mongolia is land of nomads and located in central Asia, land locked between Russia and China.. Not only does Mongolia offer to the Western World unique culture and tradition, it also contains immense natural beauty that has gone untouched for centuries by the modern world. The ubiquity of diverse flora and fauna in the Mongolian countryside is astonishing. You can see nomadic life style, stunning landscapes and rare plants, animals, and birds wich cannot be seen anywhere else in the world. It is impossible to count all the stars in the clear blue sky, untouched by light or industrial pollution. The unspoiled landscape offers the opportunity to experience natural beauty unlike anywhere in the world. Also Mongolia is the world's the best country forthe discovery of ancient dinosaur species.
Beyond the natural beauty of Mongolia lies a rich history and culture. In 1206, Genghis Khan united the nomadic Mongolian tribes and founded Great Mongolian empire. Mongolians conquered the half of the world in XIII-XIV century. Today Mongolia is one of the few nations that represent the diminishing nomadic civilization with its specific wayof life and traits. Waves of nomadic migrations and the formation of steppe empires on the Mongolia plains left their mark on the nation;s history. compared to sedentary civilizations, nomadic people live in harmony with nature and preserve its natural beauty. Besides its nomadic culture, Mongolia has successfully developed modern culture as well. Otherwise you can see two kind of culture in one visit.
Location: Mongolia is located in Central Asia, with Russia bordering to the North and China to the South. Northern Border with Russia is 3485 km and southern border along with China's provinces is 4677 km.
Surface area: 1.569.500 square km
Population: 3,3 million
Growth rate: 1.4%
Population concentration: 1.6 people per square km
Capital city: Ulaanbaatar (1,4 million inhabitants)
Type of Governance: Democratically elected parliament
Administrative structure: Central state, divided into 21 Aimags/ Province / which are subdivided into Soums.
Average height: 1.500 m above sea level
Highest elevation: 4.560 m above sea level
Climate: Semi-arid continental, about 250 days of sun per year. In the winter, temperatures reach -28C, and in the summer spike to 25 C. The climate is extremely dry.
Ethnic groups: 85 % of Khalkh Mongol, 7.0% Kazak, and 8 % other
Language: 95 % of the population speaks Mongolian; Russian, English, German, and Korean are also spoken.
Religion: 53 % Buddhist, 3 % Muslim, 4% Christ, 3% Shamanism
Holidays: New Year 1st January, New Lunar Year in February, Naadam-festival July 11-13, Independence Day November 26.
Time zone: +8 GMT
Exports: Cashmere, wool, skins, copper and molybdenum concentrate, fluorspar, coal, gold
Imports: Petroleum products, consumer goods and industrial equipment
National Flag description: Three equally wide, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem (“Soyombo” - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol)’